Solids and Liquids
We use FOSS science kits in first grade. The Solids and Liquids module provides first grade students with physical sciences core ideas dealing with matter and its interactions and engineering design. The experiences help students to develop an understanding about how materials are similar and different from one another and how the properties of materials relate to their use.
Students build on the science concepts of matter and its interactions developed in kindergarten using new tools to enrich observations. Students observe, describe, and compare properties of solids and liquids. They conduct investigations to find out what happens when solids and water are mixed and when liquids and water are mixed. They use their knowledge of solids and liquids to conduct an investigation on an unknown material (toothpaste). They gain firsthand experience with reversible changes caused by heating or cooling, and read about changes caused by heating that are irreversible.
Throughout the Solids and Liquids Module, students engage in science and engineering practices to collect data to answer questions, and to define problems in order to develop solutions. Students gain experiences that will contribute to the understanding of crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; scale, proportion, and quantity; systems and models; energy and matter; structure and function; and stability and change.
Plants and Animals
This module provides experiences that heighten students' awareness of the way that plants and animals meet their basic needs. Students observe firsthand the structures of plants and discover ways to propagate new plants from mature plants (from seeds, bulbs, roots, and stem cuttings). They observe and describe changes that occur as plants grow, and compare classroom plants to those in the schoolyard. They design terrariums (habitat systems) and provide for the needs of both plants and animals living together in the classroom.
Students explore variation in the same kind of organism, including variation between young and adults. They learn about the behaviors of parents to help their young (offspring) survive. And they explore structure and function relationships as they sort different kinds of animal and plant structures.
Throughout the Plants and Animals Module, students engage in science and engineering practices by collecting and interpreting data to build explanations and designing and using tools to answer questions. Students gain experiences that will contribute to the understanding of the crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; systems and system models; and structure and function.